Fasting Ramadan – As-Saum

Fasting is Obligatory

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Hijrah calendar. Allah the Exalted said: (So whoever of you sights the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month. (The Noble Qur’an 2:185)

What is Fasting?

To refrain, as an act of worship for Allah, from food, drinks, and all the invalidators of fasting from dawn to sunset.

Who Must Fast?

Fasting during the month of Ramadan is obligatory upon a person if he/she is:

  1. Muslim
  2. Sane
  3. Adult (Reached the age of puberty)
  4. Resident (Not a traveler)
  5. Able (Not sick or very old)
  6. Free from impediments (Women must be purified from menses or postpartum bleeding)

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