1. Knowledge (Al-ilm)

Allah’s knowledge encompassed everything; nothing is beyond His knowledge whether it was significant or insignificant. He knows what happened in the past, what is happening in the present, and what will happen in the future.

2.Writing (Al-kitabah)

Allah made everything, which took place from the beginning of creation until the Hereafter, written in the preserved tablet (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfudh).

3. Divine Will (Al-mashe’ah)

Everything that took place in this universe is because of Allah’s divine will; nothing can take place without His will and permission whether it is good or bad. Allowing evil to happen doesn’t mean that Allah loves it. Yet, He may allow it to happen for wisdom, which He knows best, that we may or may not be aware of.

4. Creating (Al-Khalq)

Everything that exists is created by Allah.

Allah the Exalted said: (And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in the land and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the Earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record) (The Noble Qur’an 6:59)

Due to His encompassing and prior knowledge, He made everything written in the preserved tablet. Everything that took place is because of His will and was created by Him.

The companion Jaber said that the prophet said: (No servant believes (considered a believer) unless he believes in Qadar: it’s good or bad. Until he knows that whatever befell him, it was not to miss him and whatever missed him it was not to befell him.) (At-Tirmidhi, declared sound by Al-Albani)

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