The Zakat Items

  1. Gold, Silver, and Money: Once the owned gold, silver, or money reaches the nisab, one must give 2.5% of it as Zakat after possessing it for a full Hijrah year (hawl). The nisab for money is to be evaluated by the nisab of either gold (85 grams) or silver (595 grams) (whichever is beneficial to the poor).
  2. Livestock (Camels, Cows, and Sheep only): If a person owns a specific number of any of the cattle mentioned above then he must give a number of them as Zakat; given that he possessed that nisab for a full Hijrah year and the animals are grazed without cost. (For example The nisab for sheep: if you own 40-120 sheep, then give out one; for 121-200 sheep, give two; for 201-300, give three. If you own more than that, then for every 100 sheep give one as Zakah. The nisab for camels and cows is different.)
  3. Commodities displayed for trade: The person must evaluate, after the passing of 12 Hijrah months, how many items he has in his store; and he should give Zakat 2.5% of the total selling price of the items.
  4. Agricultural dry Products (wheat, barley, rice, dates, raisins, etc.): This applies to only dry crops that can be stocked for a long time. Once they are harvested and the quantity is 5 wasq or more, then 10% of it should be given as Zakat. This is if the crop was irrigated by rain; but in case of irrigation with the aid of a costly method such as digging a well or buying water, the quantity of Zakat would be 5% of the crop quantity.
  5. Earth Minerals and Ancient Treasure (buried before Islam): If someone finds a treasure, that was buried before Islam, he should give out 1/5th of it as Zakat once he finds it. For the mined minerals such as gold, copper, zinc, oil …etc. one should give 2.5% of it if it reaches the nisab.

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